Today in History  – February 2

 

962

Translatio imperii : Pope John XII crowns Otto I, Holy Roman Emperor, the first Holy Roman Emperor in nearly 40 years

1032

Conrad II, Holy Roman Emperor becomes King of Burgundy

1509

The Battle of Diu Takes place near Diu, India, between Portugal and Turkey

1536

Spaniard Pedro de Mendoza founds Buenos Aires, Argentina

1542

Portuguese under Chritovao da Gama capture a Moslem-occupied hill fort in northern Ethiopia in the Battle of Bacente

1653

New Amsterdam (later renamed The City of New York) is incorporated

1709

Alexander Selkirk is rescued after being shipwrecked on a desert island, inspiring the book Robinson Crusoe by Daniel Defoe

1790

The U.S. Supreme Court convenes for the first time

1812

Russia establishes a fur trading colony at Fort Ross, California

1848

California Gold Rush: The first ship with Chinese emigrants arrives in San Francisco, California

1876

The National League of Professional Baseball Clubs of Major League Baseball is formed

1878

Greece declares war on Turkey

1880

The first electric streetlight is installed in Wabash, Indiana

1882

The Knights of Columbus are formed in New Haven, Connecticut

1887

In Punxsutawney, Pennsylvania the first Groundhog Day is observed

1899

The Australian Premiers’ Conference held in Melbourne decides to locate Australia’s capital between Sydney and Melbourne

1901

Queen Victoria’s funeral takes place

1913

Grand Central Station is opened in New York City

1920

The Tartu Peace Treaty is signed between Estonia and Russia

1922

Ulysses by James Joyce is published

1925

The Charlevoix-Kamouraska  earthquake strikes northeastern North America

1933

Adolf Hitler dissolves the German Parliament

1935

Leonard Keeler tests the first polygraph machine

1940

Frank Sinatra debuts with the Tommy Dorset orchestra

1943

World War II: The last German forces surrender to the Soviets after the Battle of Stalingrad

1946

The Proclamation of Hungarian Republic is made

1957

Iskander Mirza of Pakistan lays the foundation-stone of the Guddu Barrage

1966

Pakistan suggests a six-point agenda with Kashmir after the Indo-Pakistani War of 1965

1967

The American Basketball Association is formed

1971

Idi Amin replaces President Milton Obote as leader of Uganda

1972

The British embassy in Dublin is destroyed in protest over Bloody Sunday

1974

The F-16 Fighting Falcon flies for the first time

1976

The GroundHog Day gale hits the north-eastern United States and south-eastern Canada

1980

Reports surface that FBI were targeting Congressmen in the Abscam operation

The Revolutionary Communist Party of Turkey is founded

1982

Hama Massacre: Syria attacks the town of Hama

1987

After the 1986 People Power Revolution in the Philippines, Philippines made a new constitution

1989

Satellite television service Sky Television plc launched

1990

Apartheid: F.W. de Klerk allows the African National Congress to function legally and promises to release Nelson Mandela

1998

A Cebu Pacific Flight 387 DC-9-32 crashes into a mountain near Cagayan de Oro, Philippines, killing 104

2002

Willem Alexander, Prince of Orange marries Maxima Zorreguieta

2007

Four tornadoes hit Central Florida, killing 21 people

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